Articles by M. S. Ahluwalia
The partition of India and the creation of Pakistan have not been studied in one important aspect that concerns the Sikh community. The Sikhs, as an important religious minority were mainly concentrated in the region, which now forms the Pakistani Punjab. The events leading to the partition made the Sikhs the main victims of circumstance.
The history of Indian nationalist movement witnessed many important features in the first two decades of the twentieth century, which were aimed at revolutionary conspiracies with a view to overthrow the British Government in India by violent means. Massive studies on the theme from the Indian National Congress point of view, have concentrated more on leading Congress personalities during this phase.
With the evolution of languages humans have always tried to name things. It is therefore not surprising that everyone has a name that uniquely identifies them. All human beings are given names quite early in their lifetimes. These names are the tags we wear for the rest of our lives and it differentiate us from one another.
Thiruvalluvar extols the virtues of education: the power of knowledge and the baseness of illiteracy. But in all the thirty stanzas devoted to education he does not make any mention of subjects to be taught or books to study. By laying down the criterion “Learn what has to be learnt”, Thiruvalluvar embraces all professions and all periods.
It appears that one major problem in the history of socio-cultural and religious ideas, in our own times, is to study the inter-relationship between the Bhakti movement in the North and South of Vindhyas, particularly relating to the Tamil and the Sikh Bhakti movements. As pointed out by a number of scholars, the term Bhakti has been used as a blanket term to denote movements, which have different backgrounds and purposes.
The present day Punjab accounts for just 1.57% of India’s territory and 2.39% of its population but it contributes more than 50% of the total food grains purchased for the central pool. Punjab’s success in agricultural is due to the agriculture revolution since mid 1960s when India witnessed shortage of food. This success story of Punjab agriculture, which has recorded a growth rate of 5% per annum compared to all India growth rate of 2.71%, is due to its adoption of modern technology and optimum use of water resources.
The paper briefly discusses the history of Hola Mahalla festival, which has been declared a State festival by the Government of Punjab. It also analyses the importance of community tourism and its impact on economic and socio-cultural environment vis-a vis the host community and tourism development.
Fortunately, however, the recent researches on this issue show that whatever meager information is contained in the manuscript is basically true. Since there is a definite mention of the Guru’s visit to Sri Lanka in various traditional sources, it will not be futile attempt to study the whole issue from the point of view of history.
The Sikhs were explicitly recognized as one of the three national entities by the Montego-Chelmsford Report of 1918. The authors of this Report expressed the view that the Sikh representation in the administration and services should be consistent with their distinctive position. The Government of India Act (1919), The Simon Commission Report (1930), Ramsay Macdonald’s Communal Award (1932) and Government of India Act (1935) all referred to the Sikhs as a distinct entity.